should know how to start a fire. It’s an essential
survival skill. You never know when you’ll find
yourself in a situation where you’ll need a fire,
but you don’t have matches. Extremely windy or wet
conditions can render matches virtually uselessly. And
whether or not you ever need to call upon these skills,
it’s goodl to know you can start a fire whenever
and wherever you are.
TO LIGHT A FIRE
Everybody should know how to start a fire. It’s an
essential survival skill. You never know when you’ll
find yourself in a situation where you’ll need a fire,
but you don’t have matches. Extremely windy or wet
conditions can render matches virtually uselessly. And whether
or not you ever need to call upon these skills, it’s
goodl to know you can start a fire whenever and wherever
A fire will give you warmth when it's cold,
chilly, and downright freezing outside.
A fire will provide you light during darkness so you can
see to do other things.
A fire will allow you to cook your meals and boil water
so you can consume them safely.
A fire will dry out your clothes when they've become wet
so you won't get sick.
A fire will provide a way to signal for help, both, during
darkness and daylight hours.
Starting a Fire With
Matches or Lighter
Start by gathering a couple handfuls of tinder, about
one-third of a shopping bag’s worth of kindling,
at least half a shopping bag’s worth of small sticks
(1/2 to 2 inches thick), and at least a shopping bag’s
worth of thicker wood (2 to 12 inches thick).
Any kind of material that takes very little heat to start
on fire can be used for tinder. Paper makes great tinder,
if you have matches. If you don’t have matches and
are attempting to build a fire with a spark, you will
need extra-fine dry tinder. Dry pine needles, fine dry
grasses, shredded paper, birch bark, dried moss, bird
down, mouse nests, cotton balls, wood shavings, pulverized
dry pine cones and fibrous inner cedar bark all make good
Kindling must catch on fire within a few seconds from
burning tinder, yet burns for only a few minutes to ignite
the larger pieces of wood. Dry pine needles, still stuck
to branches, are perfect. Small twigs, 1/8- to 1/4-inch
thick, are also excellent. Test the sticks to see whether
they are wet or dry. If the sticks can be bent and twisted
without snapping, they are wet and will not do for kindling.
If all available kindling is wet, you can still burn green
pine needles, but otherwise you must find standing wood,
which can be split with an axe or shaved down to find
a dry core. You can make “feather sticks”
for kindling from larger sticks of wood by carving many
shallow cuts with a knife to create fine, curved shavings
protruding from the side of the sticks.
the Fire: Build your fire in a protected spot,
especially if the area is windy. If it is exceptionally
windy, you may have to dig a trench for your fire or build
it on the leeward side of a fallen tree or large rock.
If the ground is swampy or the snow is deep, you may have
to build your fire on a platform of green logs covered
Do not use stones from a riverbed or porous stones
around or under a fire. These stones can explode if heated
because of internal steam pockets.
the Fire: If you have paper, crumple a couple
of sheets, build a small pile of fine kindling on top
of the paper, then light the paper in several places.
If you don’t have paper, use two handfuls of extremely
fine, dry tinder instead. Make sure you don’t smother
the tiny flames of the beginning fire with a pile that’s
too big or too tightly packed, or by stacking larger wood
too quickly onto the fire. As the kindling catches on
fire, pile on more kindling and gradually add thicker
chunks of wood. Make sure the fire gets enough air circulating
through it. Either build your fire in a crisscross fashion,
or lean the wood against itself in a tipi-like cone shape,
to ensure there are plenty of gaps between the wood for
air circulation. A well-built fire, with dry wood and
plenty of gaps for air circulation, will not smoke much.
carry a few strips of car inner tube as they are excellent
for starting a fire and would suggest they become part
of any survival kit.
Fire Starting Kit.
will include some wood, matches or a lighter, and some newspaper
or other easily-flammable material.
Fire-lighting materials which you can carry with you include:
- Fuel tablets.
- A 7.5cm length of candle wick dipped in wax.
- A 30 or 60ml leakproof container of methylated spirits.
- Two Minute Noodle packets are hard to light but burn with
a steady though small flame once alight.
- Alcohol wipes from your first aid kit can be lit.
- Strips of car inner tube are excellent for getting a fire
Fire Starting Kit.
everything together in one compact package means I never have
to search the house or my supplies for fire starters. I’m
always ready no matter the weather to get a comfortable fire
going knowing I have the right supplies.
(2) Fuel tablets
(3) Wax dipped cotton balls
Fresnel magnifying lens
A Firesteel is reliable, easy to use, and
delivers a larger volume of sparks that are hotter. Use
a Firesteel for when you absolutely have to have fire in
any condition, or when you regularly cook over bush fires.
Starting a fire with a firesteel is an excellent, low-impact,
sustainable method which can easily replace a lighter and
matches with practice. The key word in that statement however
is practice. Much like many techniques applied in the backcountry
fire starting is a skill that should be honed to ones desired
comfort level before being relied on solely. Many experienced
backcountry campers carry a firesteel for primary use but
keep a lighter or matches sealed in a waterproof bag as
a backup should they find they aren't having luck with the
firesteel. Other hikers do it the other way around. They
use a lighter or matches primarily but carry a firesteel
should an emergency arise and the firesteel is their only
Take a small quantity of dry grass, or other flammable material
and build them up into a pile.
Grip the Firesteel with one hand.
2b. Take hold of the striker with the other hand.
2c. Position the striker against the Firesteel.
Forcing the striker "slowly down" with the thumb
of hand holding the FireSteel.
An aerated scheme for building a fire with little or no
smoke is known by camping and scouting experts as the Dakota
As depicted in the illustration, there are two small holes
dug in the ground, one for the firewood the other for a
draft of air.
Small twigs are stuffed into the fire hole and then on top
an easy burning layer of scrap is set. The fire burns from
the top downward, dragging air from the "air hole"
as it burns.
Because the air passes inside the wood the CO gas is consumed
burning strongly and brightly and with little or no seen
The Dakota fire pit is a tactical fire used by the USMC
as the flame produces a low light signature, reduced smoke,
and is easier to ignite under strong wind conditions
Both stone and
concrete fire pits are very heavy and are essentially locked
in to wherever they are placed. Both wood and gas may be
used as fuel sources. However, to make a fire pit only a
hole is required in order to safely contain a fire. This
can be as simple as digging a hole in the ground, or as
complex as hollowing out a brick or rock pillar.
Zealand, Preppers NZ, Survival, Doomsday Preppers NZ, Emergency,
Storm, Flood, Tsunami, Volcanic Eruption, Landslide, Pandemic,Fire,
Emergency Survival Skills,
Disaster Preperation, Economic Disaster, Survival NZ