Building your first
Survival Bag can seem like a big task. Everybody
you read about has been tweaking theirs for months or
even years and has a pile of gear built up. It’s
hard to know where to start, but if you cover all of the
basics in a survival situation you will still be much
better off that 99% of the people.
EMERGENCY BAG- (BUG OUT BAG)
A Survival Bag, is usually designed to get you
out of an emergency situation and allow you to survive self-contained
for up to 3 days. A lot of people plan their Survival
Bag to sustain them for much longer than that, but
there is always a limit to what you can carry on your back
and a 3 day target is a good place to start.
The primary purpose of a Survival Bag is to allow
one to evacuate quickly if a disaster should strike. It
is therefore prudent to gather all of the materials and
supplies that might be required to do this into a single
place, such as a bag or a few storage containers.
In a survival situation water quickly becomes the most precious
commodity. 1 Liter per day per person is really the bare
minimum. So your 3 day Survival Bag should have
at least 3 liters of water per person. To expand your capability
or survive longer than a couple of days you will need a
water purification system. This can be as simple as boiling
water and iodine tablets, or a serious water filter.
- You can use a Collapsible Water Bottle for extra storage.
- Make water collection easier with a Backpacking Bucket.
- Use Coffee Filters to extend the life of your water filtration
It is probably more practical to carry collapsable
water containers as they are light and in most situations
you can find a water source.
Because of all the water in it, canned food is just too heavy
for the amount of calories you get. You’re better off
getting freeze-dried food and rehydrating it with water you
find. For a 3 Day Survival Bag Backpack Meals and
Energy Bars can be sufficient. Back pack meals are freeze
dried meals that you just add boiling water to. They are light
weight and last a long time.
Obviously you will need a longer term food solution in any
type of wide area catastrophe, but for your basic Survival
Bag backpack meals are a good set up.
Your Survival Bag clothes should be similar to
what you would pack for a weekend backpacking trip. Many
people would never dream of leaving their Survival
Bagg without twice this much, but in a pinch that
set up could get you by for 3 days.
If you are going to survive for 3 days you are going to
need protection from the elements and a warm dry place
to sleep. You need at least:
- Some type of tent or tarp and a way to set it up
- A ground tarp for underneath your shelter to stay dry
or a sleeping pad
- Some type of Bedroll, preferably a good sleeping bag.
I would carry survival blankets as they are
light and take up no room.
Medical care and training is paramount for any prepper.
The need for this knowledge WILL rear its head some time
in your life regardless if things are good or bad. You can
buy First Aid Kits ready made. If you are making your own,
check the list on the first aid page for items recommended
by St. John as the minimum required for families.
Medications – Don’t pack a
whole bottle of aspirin or a whole bottle of allergy medication.
It could take a long time to get through all that. Instead,
take out enough pills to last a week and put them in mini
- Firearms and appropriate ammunition
- Wire for binding and animal traps.
- Colapsable fishing rod or hand line, hooks, sinkers,
- Bow and Arrows
SURVIVAL BAG GEAR
A bag of your choice to hold your survival gear.
Drinking water 3 litres per person.
Collapsable water container.
Canteen or water bottle.
Water purification tablets.
Dehydrated camping meals
Tea, coffee, chocolate, instant soups.
Bare minimum here is a small pot/large cup to
boil water in for both drinking and freeze dried meals.
A small backpacking stove and fuel.
Small container detergent
A bag of your choice to hold your survival gear.
Good sturdy footware
Warm socks x 2
Rain poncho or waterproof coat
Hat ( beanie is good for cold nights) also sun hat
Spare warm pants, shirt, thermal top.
SHELTER AND BEDDING
Tent, tarp, or survival tent with ropes
Ground sheet (very important.
Matches or lighters (get a few cheap gas ones from the
Strips of car tire to start fire
Small saw for cutting firewood
At least 2 dependable flashlights and a backup
set of batteries for each.
FIRST AID KIT
Small first aid kit
Small Pack Towel
Toothbrush & Toothpaste .
Other Personal Hygiene Necessities
Crank Power Charger
Emergency Radio with Hand Crank
Cash coins and small notes
Local Area Map
Small Note Pad / Pencil
550 Parachute Cord
Large Garbage Bags
Resealable Bags (Qty 5, Various Sizes)
Survival / Snare Wire
to Select the Perfect Bugout Bag
There is one basic rule of building the best bugout bag:
keep it light. Your bugout bag can either have everything
you need or it can be light: it can't be both! You will
need to make wise choices about what to pack and this article
provides a concise guide to get you started.
Keep the pack light.
. Packweight is relative to your body size. If
you can keep your bag between 25-30 pounds.
The size and weight of your backpack is important, because
the bigger the backpack the more stuff you'll find room
to bring. Keep the pack size small and to keep the pack
an internal frame design.
That will help keep the bag lighter and less bulky and
it will distribute the weight on your hips.
Don't buy a ready made bugout bag.
First, you won't know the contents, but more importantly,
most of the commercial bugout bags on the market are really
just 72-hour bags. They have items to get you through
the first three days of a disaster, but they pretty much
leave you stranded for the long term. As a prepper, you
must think differently about your bugout bag. You must
pack as though it's the last man-made items you'll ever
own, yet you must also pack light (no more than one-third
of your body weight, preferably far less).
Top three items to have in your bugout bag:
While there is a lot of survival gear you could include
in your bugout bag, if you had to pair it down to three
things, then these items will virtually guarantee your
survival: a quality fixed blade knife
metal water container*
(appropriate also for cooking/boiling water) and and a
fire starter (BIC lighter
is the most convenient firestarter).* A water
filtration device is the fourth essential
item for your bugout bag, but the metal water container
could suffice to help you obtain potable water without
A compression sack is essential for your sleeping bag
or bivvy, but you may also consider one for a change of
your Bugout Bag!
When exposed to the elements, your bugout bag will get
wet or damp easily, which will ruin the integrity of the
contents inside. Most bags offer a level of waterproofp
protection, but for ultimate peace of mind, spray your
bugout bag with a heavy duty water repellent. Also, get
dry bags, pictured right, for your small articles and
dry compression sacks for your gear. Zip-locking freezer
bags are the poor man's dry bag. Garbage bags are also
great for lining your bug out bag.
Zealand, Preppers NZ, Survival, Doomsday Preppers NZ, Emergency,
Storm, Flood, Tsunami, Volcanic Eruption, Landslide, Pandemic,Fire,
Emergency Survival Skills,
Disaster Preperation, Economic Disaster, Survival NZ