NEW ZEALAND PREPPERS
DISASTER SURVIVAL GUIDE

EARTHQUAKE SURVIVAL
Earthquake Safety Tips for Parents
Earthquakes are caused by the breaking and shifting of rock beneath the earth’s surface. They can strike without warning and can occur at any time. New Zealand has a moderate to very high risk of earthquakes. Save the Children’s emergency experts share what to do in the event of an earthquake, and how you can keep children safe during a disaster.
PREPARING YOUR HOME FOR AN EARTHQUAKE
Go to a hardware store and find the tools you need to strap bookshelves to the wall, televisions to their stands and microwaves on countertops. People have died in past earthquakes after microwaves and televisions struck them. Parents with toddlers often do the same thing to prevent a TV stand from toppling over a mischievous child climbing furniture.
Install safety latches on kitchen cabinets — like the kind used to keep toddlers out — to keep blenders and plates from toppling on you.
Use putty or wax to secure picture frames and vases to tabletops.
Remove anything that could fall on your bed, like heavy frames or bookcases.
Move your bed away from windows, which can shatter and cause cuts. You can also fix a safety film to windows that will leave shattered glass in place.
Use earthquake-resistant picture hooks to keep frames from crashing in earthquakes. Affix the bottom corners with earthquake putty.
Don’t use glass to cover pictures in the hallway.
Consider storing wines in racks with individual slots and a lip to hold the neck of each bottle. Keep them low to the ground. Or store wine in wooden boxes, at most two stacks high.
Make sure your gas heater is secured to a wall.
Install an automatic valve that shuts off the gas when shaking arrives in an earthquake, reducing the risk of a broken gas line igniting a fire. At the very least, learn how to shut off your gas manually. (Renters, ask your landlord where the gas is, too!) You can do it with a wrench. Better yet: Buy a tool and tie it around the gas valve, so you don’t have to go looking for a wrench just after the earthquake.
Get a fire extinguisher or two; know where they are. Keep them visible, like on a kitchen counter away from the stove. Make sure everyone at home knows how to use them.
Get emergency plug-in lights that automatically turn on during a power outage. Keep one near your bed.
Tie some old shoes around your bed post, so you can walk around the home after an earthquake without slicing your feet on broken glass.
Place an old pair of eyeglasses near your bed in a secure spot.
Try to keep your petrol tank half full. Petrol stations require power to pump fuel. No electricity, no gas.
Phone and Internet service could be disrupted. Texting will be an easier bet than making phone calls — and may be easier in the first few hours before cellphone towers drain their emergency battery power. Many cellphone towers have a battery supply that lasts as little as four hours, while critical towers have generators that can hold out for 48 hours.
Rely on Google maps to navigate around town? Do this right now: Download maps of your city for offline access so you can use the navigation service even when cell service is down. Or buy some paper maps and learn, or relearn, how to read them. Better yet: learn how to get around without using your phone, and memorize alternate routes.
Buy portable battery packs and use them and charge them all the time. They’ll be essential in an extended power outage.
Take a class that teaches you how to perform CPR, first aid and the Heimlich maneuver and to use an automated external defibrillator, which are used for heart attack victims.

PREPARING YOUR FAMILY FOR AN EARTHQUAKE
1. Talk to your children about earthquakes.
Explain to your child what could happen, using simple, age-appropriate words. Outline an emergency plan for the whole family, with an evacuation plan and meeting location and emphasize that their safety is your utmost priority.
2. Find safe spots in your home.
Identify and discuss the safest place in an earthquake in your home and tell children to go there immediately if they feel an earthquake. The safest place is an interior room of your house without any windows, such as a bathroom or closet. If possible, take cover under something sturdy, like a heavy table.
3. Practice earthquake drills.
Once you’ve created your evacuation plan and talked with your children about it, it’s time to practice. Practicing earthquake drills will help children understand what to do and how to stay safe during an earthquake.
4. Learn your child’s school or childcare disaster plans.
If child’s school or childcare center is in an area at risk from earthquakes, find out how their emergency plan addresses earthquakes. Learn their procedures for evacuation, notifying parents and if there is an alternate pick up location.
5. Keep contact information up to date.
Phone numbers, addresses and relationships change. Keep your children’s school or childcare emergency release information up to date, so that if an earthquake strikes, you’ll know where your child is and who can pick them up.

DURING AN EARTHQUAKE
1. Drop, cover, and hold on.
If you’re inside, drop to the ground and take cover under something sturdy like a desk or table. With one hand hold on to the object and with your other arm protect your head and neck. If you don’t have anything sturdy to take cover under, crouch down next to an interior wall. Stay indoors until the shaking stops and you’re sure it’s safe to exit.
2. Find an open area.
If you’re outside, the safest place in an earthquake is a clear spot away from buildings, trees, streetlights and power lines. Drop to the ground and stay there until the shaking stops.
3. If in a vehicle, stop.
Pull over to a clear location, stop and stay there with your seatbelt fastened until the shaking stops.

FOLLOWING AN EARTHQUAKE
1. Involve children in recovery.
After an earthquake, include children in clean-up activities if it is safe to do so. It is comforting to children to watch the household begin to return to normal and to have a job to do.
2. Listen to children.
Encourage your child to express feelings of fear, anxiety or anger. Listen carefully, show understanding, and offer reassurance. Tell your child that the situation is not permanent, and provide physical reassurance through time spent together and displays of affection. Contact local faith-based organizations, voluntary organizations, or professionals for counseling if extra help is needed.

Twizel New Zealand
New Zealand Disaster Survival Guide!
Is your family prepared for survival in a disaster. Having a survival kit containing important documents and supplies could go a long way to helping your family survive a disaster.
Twizel New Zealand