From the beginning of mankinds time on earth, humans have tried to build homes that would keep their families safe. From caves to small huts to castles and underground bunkers, humans have continued to strive for safety.
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Most of us live in an area that can be hit by some kind of natural disaster be it an earthquake, volcanic eruption or flood etc. Being prepared could go a real long way to survival or even making life easer on you and your family in this sort of situation. You never know when an occurrence in your area will cause you to make a quick evacuation from your home. Having an easy accessible "bug out bag", more commonly know as a survival kit or emergency kit, containing important documents and supplies can be very beneficial.
A Survival Bag, is usually designed to get you out of an emergency situation and allow you to survive self-contained for up to 3 days.
While there is a lot of survival gear you could include in your survival bag, if you had to pair it down to three things, then these items will virtually guarantee your survival:
* A quality fixed blade knife.
* M
etal water container (appropriate also for cooking/boiling water).
* A fire starter (BIC lighter is the most convenient firestarter).
* A water filtration device is the fourth essential item for your bugout bag, but the metal water container could suffice to help you obtain potable water without water treatment.

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In a survival situation water quickly becomes the most precious commodity. 1 Liter per day per person is really the bare minimum. So your 3 day Survival Bag should have at least 3 liters of water per person. To expand your capability or survive longer than a couple of days you will need a water purification system. This can be as simple as boiling water and iodine tablets, or a serious water filter.
- You can use a Collapsible Water Bottle for extra storage.
- Make water collection easier with a Backpacking Bucket.
- Use Coffee Filters to extend the life of your water filtration system.

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Canned food is too heavy for the amount of calories you get. You’re better off getting freeze-dried food and rehydrating it with water you find.
For a 3 Day Survival Bag Backpack Meals and Energy Bars can be sufficient. Back pack meals are freeze dried meals that you just add boiling water to. They are light weight and last a long time.
Obviously you will need a longer term food solution in any type of wide area catastrophe, but for your basic Survival Bag backpack meals are a good set up.

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Bare minimum:
* A small pot/large cup to boil water in for both drinking and freeze dried meals.
* A small backpacking stove and fuel.
* Eating utensils.
* Pot scrubber.
* Small container detergent.
* Can opener.
* Sharp knife.

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Your Survival Bag clothes should be similar to what you would pack for a weekend backpacking trip.
* Good sturdy footware.
* Warm socks x 2.
* Underwear.
* Spare warm pants, shirt, thermal top.
* Rain poncho or waterproof coat.
* Hat - beanie - sun hat>
(If you get cold feet take off your shoes, put a plastic bag on each foot, then put your shoes back on, Your feet will still be wet and they will sweat but they’ll be warm.)

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* Matches or lighters, * Strips of rubber to start fire. * Small saw for firewood.
* At least 2 torches spare batteries for each. * LED headlight. * Candles.
* Survival knife. * Multi-tool. * Whistle. * Compass. * Duct Tape.
* Insect repellant. * Small Note Pad / Pencil. * Sewing Kit.
* Phone Charger. * Radio. * Binoculars. * Sunglasses.
* Money. * Maps. * Large Rubbisb Bags. * Resealable Bags. * Cord.

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If you are going to survive for 3 days you are going to need protection from the elements and a warm dry place to sleep. You need at least:
- Some type of tent or tarp and a way to set it up
- A ground tarp for underneath your shelter to stay dry or a sleeping pad
- Some type of Bedroll, preferably a good sleeping bag.
Survival blankets are light and take up no room.

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Medical care and training is paramount for any prepper. You can buy First Aid Kits ready made. If you are making your own, check the list on the first aid page for items recommended by St. John as the minimum required for families. Don’t pack a whole bottle of aspirin or a whole bottle of allergy medication. It could take a long time to get through all that. Instead, take out enough pills to last a week and put them in mini ziplock bags.

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* Wet Napkins.
* Hand Sanitizer - Soap.
* Hygiene/Signal Mirror.
* Small Pack Towel.
* Toilet Paper.
* Toothbrush & Toothpaste.
* Other Personal Hygiene Necessities.

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* Firearms and appropriate ammunition
* Wire for binding and animal traps.
* Colapsable fishing rod or hand line, hooks, sinkers, lures.
* Slingshot
* Bow and Arrows

If you have a whistle, use a one-two-three, pause, one-two-three pattern. This is more recognizable to the human ear. Mirrors are also important. Nothing in nature can be mistaken for a signal mirror. Same goes for brightly colored construction tape.

Many families have had their lives changed forever by disasters in New Zealand in recent years. Having a survival plan could go a long way to helping your family during and after a disaster in New Zealand. Learn how to prepare your home and family for survival in a disaster in New Zealand.