If stranded, you may not want to run your vehicle heater for very long so you can conserve gasoline. But if you do run your car engine to operate the car heater, be sure you aren't breathing in carbon monoxide fumes from the exhaust. In a snow emergency, you must make certain that the car's exhaust pipe is not clogged with snow or mud, and be sure the exhaust is not being sucked into the car through an open window at the rear of the vehicle. Opening a front window a bit will help admit fresh air into the passenger compartment. You can't smell carbon monoxide, so don't rely on your nose.
Warmth, of course, is a major concern in cold climate and snow emergencies. Since you'll be with your car, you'll have that as protection against the elements. but extra clothing, some blankets, and a sleeping bag will keep you warm if you are stranded for several days. Store these items in a plastic trash bag in your boot or behind the seat of your ute. It's no fun being stranded and cold, and hypothermia is a real danger in cold weather.

Waterproof bag to store supplies.
First aid kit
Energy bars - Bottled water
Spare tire and jack - Flat tire inflation canister - Jumper leads - Tow rope - Car escape tool
Small tool kit - Spare car fuses - folding shovel - Fire extinguisher -
Torch - Road maps - Roll of duct tape - Spare fuel
Paper towels - rags - toilet paper- pen and paper
Blankets - sleeping bags - extra warm clothing- hygien supplies
Seasonal supplies (rain gear, umbrella, ice scraper etc.)

You can get creative on what food items you keep in your kit, BUT remember that in most areas, food items will be subjected to temperature extremes when left in a boot of a car, so stick to dry food items. Even canned food will be damaged when repeatedly frozen and heated. Some other dry food items to consider are individually wrapped dry (not chewy) muesli bars. Also think about instant coffee, tea, hot chocolate, and other powdered beverage mixes (provide quick energy and/or heat.


Car electricity runs on direct current, but almost everything else is alternating current. What you need: an inverter. Some cars have them built in, but you can get one at a store for less than $40. Plug into your ciggarette lighter or if it the clamp type use the clamps to attach the inverter directly to the terminals on your car battery. Let the car run at idle and you have 230-volt AC power for as long as you have fuel. With a 300-watt inverter, you'll have enough amps to run a laptop or even a television.


Bugging out by bike is always an option if you're prepared. With a few modifications you can turn an ordinary mountain bike into a bugout bike, or you can buy a collapsible bike to get you home if a catastrophe happens while you're at work and you can't bugout by car. If you're older or need more stability in a bicycle, then you can bugout by tricycle.

Having a supply of fuel is very important for emergency situations and disaster preparedness alike. You never know when you might need emergency fuel for transport, heat, or cooking. With the importance of fuel comes the importance of fuel storage. Storing a surplus of fuel requires careful handling, planning, and an understanding of different kinds of fuel.

Fuel Storage Basics
Different fuels have different shelf lives and necessitate different storage procedures. As a general rule, always color code and/or label containers with different fuels. Also, store fuel only in sturdy, durable containers with good seals. Here is a breakdown of some large scale fuel storage tips for different kinds of fuel.

Petrol can be optimally stored for about two years. After this time petrol tends to go ‘stale’ and may not be ideal for motors. There are, however, stabilizing agents you can buy and add to the petrol to keep it better for longer. Always store gas in a durable, sealed, preferably red, container out of direct sunlight in a ventilated space.

Diesel fuel has a short shelf life--anywhere from 6-12 months. Because diesel fuel oxidizes after it leaves the refinery and sediments form that can clog motors, stabilizers should be added to the fuel to slow this process. Diesel should not be stored for more than two months, so use up the supply in a vehicle or generator then rotate your supply.

LPG should always be stored outdoors in a well-ventilated area. Place the LPG tank upright on concrete away from any other flammable objects or liquids. Storing away from wet areas or places where large amounts of water won’t fall on the tank is also a good idea to prevent rust on the tank cylinder.

Kerosene doesn't evaporate as quickly as gasoline and can remain stable while being stored without any extra treatments. Because of this, kerosene is an easy and popular fuel to store. Make sure kerosene containers are well labeled and possibly stored in a different colored container than gasoline or other fuels. Kerosene has a shelf life of about 3 months and there is a risk of mold forming in the containers for longer storage, so rotate your kerosene.

While less popular in large scale fuel storage than propane or kerosene, butane has a variety of uses in heating and cooking. If you need to throw on a pack and take to the woods, butane can be your companion for cooking and starting fires. Store butane in a cool, dry place out of direct sun. The canisters have a high resistance to heat, but always keep them out of extreme temperatures for good measure.

Dry Fuel (Charcoal, Coal, & Wood)
The dry fuels are the easiest to store since they are not extremely volatile compounds like most liquid fuels. Most of the time having canisters, waterproof containers, and a dedicated area for the fuel is the best storage plan. Keep firewood away from the house and covered to prevent it getting wet if left out in the open. Both coal and charcoal should be kept dry and in some kind of container or bin. Make sure to keep these fuels separate from any flammable liquids.

Twizel New Zealand
Twizel New Zealand
Twizel New Zealand
Twizel New Zealand
New Zealand Disaster Survival Guide!
Is your family prepared for survival in a disaster. Having a survival kit containing important documents and supplies could go a long way to helping your family survive a disaster.
Twizel New Zealand